er, perhaps to simulate the color of wildlife or of the mystical and religious purposes. Have been found proving the existence of Tattoo from time immemorial in all continents, all the known civilizations of the world used a particular technique of tattooing. In ancient Egypt, mummies found tattooed dating back more than 4000 years of Greek classic period, tattooing was used as a symbol of noble origin or significance of the individual in society, technology in China tattoos existed for a thousand years before Christ, on the American continent in the era of heyday of the Aztec Empire, the Maya and Inca tattoo has been used for 2000 years BC. What is happening today in the tattoo, when new areas have arisen, such as permanent makeup or mikropigmentirovanie? The use of tattoos for cosmetic purposes on the eyebrows, lips or eyes, as an alternative make-up suddenly bursts into the foundations of conventional beauty salons in California and Taiwan at the same time. When the U.S. emerged procedure "Cosmetic tattooing" means the use of special equipment, tools and paints for a tattoo, Taiwan, at the same time has been developed specific set of instruments and pigments for developing areas, called "permanent makeup". Initially, the 80 permanent makeup first appeared in France, where the penetration of Taiwan, and then became popular as a special kind of care in many European countries. At the same time, Taiwan began to create a line of pigments, including an extensive range of colors (15 shades) and the specially created for this line of equipment.
The design and size of such devices differ from the main mass of instruments for tattooing a light weight simple to use, easy to install, making it more economical and cheaper than other similar devices. An important innovation appears at first 90s in the U.S. pigments based on glycerol. They meet the requirements of sanitary control bodies, their color scheme contains 44 colors. Finally, in the middle of the last decade on the market in Taiwan was proposed first electronic device for mikropigmentirovaniya, fully removable, which has dealt with internal and external part of the complete article and other material on this subject can be found on the website
immune to this, the more users:)) The purpose of each article – is to present a kind of knowledge. The article should be useful to a person and she will live. In this brief essay I will talk about how the decoration of metal, their advantages and disadvantages and the estimated average prices. So nachnem.Shelkografiya Silk was invented in 1908 in London and patented a technology called Silk screen printing. Principle: The dye is applied through the silk on any surface. It can be metal, plastic, fabric. Badges made using this technology have a high value (about 1.8 cm square of P), low quality graphics and poor abrasion resistance. That photo made nameplate using this technology: Thermal transfer Thermal transfer – is sublimation.
Initially, the film is printed mirror image, then the film is placed upon the surface of the metal and the hot press and hold pressed for half a minute. Quality Graphics satisfactory stoikost to abrasion is poor, resistance to UV light at all. Cost about 2 rubles per sq. cm. At the bottom photo, look at what happened to the plate for 4 months of sunny summer: Chemical etching Steel Chemical etching are also called 'chemical engraving.
" Principle: in some parts of the plate is applied to acid-metallicheksoy layer, then the metal surface is treated with an acid or a strong alkali. The graphics. Cost about 3 USD. per sq. cm. Average quality graphics, amazing resistance to abrasion. Schild, stainless steel can last 50 million years or more. Here are photos: Alyumofoto Alyumofoto – new technology which is the principle that the surface of a plate of metal (aluminum), contains silver particles. At the plate through the negative image was projected and some parts of plaques 'zatsvechivayutsya' ultraviolet light. Amazing quality graphics – you can even move the metal photo. Abrasion resistance is excellent. The cost of 1.5-3 rubles. per sq. cm. The photo below Metallografika Metallografika – a new technology developed by for the needs of the Russian military-industrial complex. The essence of the method: the metal is pre-processed and disclosed his pores. Then the plate is placed in a bath of an organic dye, and then under vakkuumnym clamp to the plate and pressed against the film illuminates the ultraviolet light. Then, the unexposed areas washed with water and applied to the protective oxide layer. Graphics quality, excellent. The stability is amazing. Cost – 0.5 -1.7 rubles per sq. cm.
One of the major errors grow? Sian enterprises manufacture? Lei PP – an attempt to reach the same production of the full range – both in class density, and volume production. Unfortunately, most often due to lack of proper funding, a deep study of marketing and market conditions, as a consequence,? eat concept of the planned reconstruction. Purchase single road? Yaschih position equipment does not give the desired effect either on volume nor the quality of the products, if in the same processing chain work and obsolescent machinery and technology. Any business, expected to continue and develop the production of PP, in must first define its market position in both series, and the level complexity of the product. If you are unable to complete the reconstruction of production in a short time, it is necessary to develop a single strategy for the long term and planned to implement that plan.
Is encouraging that in recent years there have been serious changes in the manufacturing industry production capacities of the PP. Now completely reconstructed or created several companies, some are planned reconstruction, or will start soon a new building or renovation of production. In conclusion, we offer consider our views on the prospects of time? development of Russian-made PCB. Our view is based on the fact that Southeast Asian countries are close to the peak of its export production capacity. The overriding objective PP industry of China is constantly evolving needs of UBC-rochnogo domestic production, which in future will be directed? Leno to satisfy the domestic market.
Also do not forget that even by Russian standards, 80% of China's population lives in poverty, and this – more than 1 billion people. Of course, China and Southeast Asia will remain the main producers of PP in large batches. However, the export share of medium and small-scale orders will tend to gradually decrease. On this basis, we can assume that the Russian PP industry, there are certain prospects. We believe that over the next five years, Russia has not changed only the volume but also the structure? round production of PP. Already there are production ready to fulfill orders for sredneseriynye boards at competitive prices from Southeast Asia and terms. As new or renovating existing domestic enterprises share of orders placed in the Southeast Asian countries, will gradually decrease and, correspondingly, the proportion of orders placed on the Russian domestic market will increase from year to year.