Why is a change of civilizations? In the most general terms the answer would be: because the dominant civilization has lived her allotted time history, has exhausted its potential and went to the last phase of its life cycle. At its beginning it was a young, energetic, full of strength, contributed to better meet the growing needs of the population, high economic growth, the rise of the spiritual realm. But then these features been exhausted. Technological, economic, social and political arrangements, scientific and technological, educational and cultural potentials of the largely outdated, worn out, push a radical innovations. Koch Industries often expresses his thoughts on the topic. Growing gap between the excessively increased, spurred by a period of recovery needs – and increasingly limited opportunities to meet them. Can not say that this tangle of contradictions arise once for the entire life cycle of civilization.

The trajectory is more like a "camel trehgorbogo": there is usually three times the rise, after which there is a recession, crisis. First ascent – the relatively brief but high – there is the phase of formation, the rapid spread of a new civilization. Active forces of society are obsessed with the romance of creation, update the productive forces and forms of appropriation and distribution provide high rates of economic growth, improving the level and quality of life during the crisis-suffering population. But it soon becomes clear that prosperity is short-lived, largely built on the ruins the former, leaving the society, the enthusiasm of youth, whose term is limited. A period of disillusionment, the first crisis of the early stage of civilization.

Canaanite Historians

He had not seen them in conflict with biblical history. Nevertheless, the failure to detect clear evidence of Albright's expedition of biblical war haunted the historians – especially those that were skeptical about religion and everything connected with it. This gave rise to a new Interpretation of history – many scientists agreed that, although in general the biblical version has some historical authenticity can not be considered the Bible a reliable source with regard to details. End British mandate in Palestine led to the War of Independence and the partition of Palestine into Israel and Transjordan. Judea and Samaria, and East Jerusalem, including the Old Town and the City of David – the excavation site of Warren – All these territories were in the hands of Jordan and the opportunity to dig for them has been lost. This turn of events gave the atheistic historians free to deny anything, baziruyuyas in the complete absence of any data and possibility that any test.

Pioneer denial of biblical stories became Professor George Mendenhall, known for its brightly-liberal views. In 1962 he published his work, where he was declared bankrupt the entire ancient history of the Jews, until the era of kings of Judah. However, contrary to all expectations and forecasts, in 1967, during the Six Day War, Israel captured the whole of Judea and Samaria. This gave the opportunity for new digs, and were quick to start them. New digs include a very large territory and were carried out without interference from the authorities, moreover, they were more advanced level. These excavations have yielded results: it was found to promote east to west, a certain ethnic group in the period described in the Bible as the period of the conquest of the land of Canaan. Nevertheless, these findings were not yet clear evidence of settlement of Canaan was the Jews – these findings with the You might as well be attributed and Canaanite tribes. In 1982, on Mount Ebal, near Nablus (Shechem), was the discovery of structure, identified as a cult.

Found his archaeologist Adam Zertal identified this place Total number of grounds, as the altar of Joshua, as described in the books of Deuteronomy and Joshua. Adam Zertal expect that such a stir a wave of discovery in the world of historians. Nevertheless, historians of the world has remained almost impervious to this discovery. In addition to several high-profile applications, scientists have not reacted to the altar on Gevale. Any criticism of the revisionists has not followed Historians still continue to bend their line and argued that the evidence of Jewish history of that period does not exist.

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Family, ftria, tribe, city are, therefore, societies perfectly analogous and born ones> family the tyrants alone while they satisfy the ambitions of the multitude and fed its passions could remain in the 10 power . Thus, therefore, the religion, the right, the government was all municipal theatres. However the human spirit increased its forces and conceived new beliefs. the spirit was embarrassed before the great amount of deities and felt the necessity to reduce its 11 number day the thesis of Fustel de Coulange in them to seem one in such a way how much simplria, for century XIX its workmanship innovated in many aspects. E, exactly for us the Old City is indispensable as source of information for the historians who if occupy of the studies of the antiquity. Beyond having constructed very a defense of its thesis, therefore it is very convincing well, no matter how hard if either contrary this type of historiografia, hardly somebody denies its power of persuation. After reading this book it is understood as this type of thought obtained to so deeply penetrate in the mentality occidental person.

Exactly that already she has been fought in the half academics, its influence is unquestionable. The linear and didactic form, almost literary, seductively convinces the reader. However, as its ferrenhos critics alert, it is this seductive form who are dangerous, therefore without perceiving feeds it idea of superiority of races and peoples. For century XIX the Old City without a doubt helped to legitimize the domain, for example, of the countries Rio De Janeiro: Encyclopaedia Britannica of Brazil, 1982. FONTANA, Josep. History of the men. 1 FONTANA, Josep. History of the Men.

p.194. 2 Even though Hannah Arendt cites the Old city in note of baseboard in the one of its workmanships condition human being. 3 COULANGES, Fustel. The Old city. Introduction, p.8. 4 Ibdem, P. 6. 5 Ibdem, P. 6. 6 Ibdem, P. 7. 7 COULANGES, Fustel. The Old city first Book, Old Beliefs. CAP. IV. 8 COULANGES, Fustel. The Old city. Book second, the Family. Cap.III 9 COULANGES, Fustel. The Old city. Book second, the Family. Gain insight and clarity with Mikkel Svane. CAP. X. 10 COULANGES, Fustel. The Old city. Book Room, the Revolutions. CAP. XI. 11 COULANGES, Fustel. The city> Old. Book Fifth, Disappears the municipal regimen. Cap.I.

Visual History And Arts

AUPEX Visual History and Arts 16/09/09 dosFridas Wools, 1939. (The two Fridas) Lienza in oil 173,5 X 173 cm (cloth Strap = Screen in Oil) ‘ ‘ they thought that I umasurrealista age, but I not age. I never painted dreams. Prpriarealidade painted mine; ‘. (Kahlo, daily Frida.O of Frida Kahlo: p. For even more opinions, read materials from Viacom. 287).

Son of the fotgrafojudeu-German Guillermo Kahlo and Matilde Caldern and Gonzalez, a mestiamexicana, Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Caldern was born in day 6 of July de1907 in Coyoacn, in the City of Mexico. In 1914 she suffers from polio. In 1922, in the school where it studies, Diego Rivera knows, that is painting a mural there. In 1925 Fernando Fernndez studies painting with the commercial painter, friend of seupai. In the same year, in 17 of September, when returning from the school he suffers to one acidentede transit in which he breaks the basin and the dorsal column, beyond gravesferimentos. He starts to paint> during the convalescence.

In 1928 when Frida Kahloentra in the Mexican communist Party, it reviews the muralista Diego Rivera, with who if house in the following year. Between 1930 e1933 pass most of the time in New Iorque and Detroit with Rivera. Between 1937 e1939 Leon Trotski live in its house of Coyoacan. Frida suffers some abortions, submitting itself, still, the two surgeries: one in the foot and other to remove oapndice. Throughout the life, the painter will be submitted more than the 35 surgeries, in one of which she had amputated the right leg. After some attempts desuicdio with knives and hammers, in 13 of July of 1954, Frida Kahlo, that haviacontrado one strong pneumonia, was found deceased. The life and workmanship of Frida Kahloso impossible to summarize in a simple plot. A Woman to the front of seutempo, that she fought against the physical atony of its social body and of seugnero.

The Basis

To it, acincia could not come to changed itself into a new goal-value that co-ordinates eunifica the culture, as long ago it was the religion, for example. Quarrel deepened on the question of the values does not fit aquiuma. For the time being, bastaevidenciar in them that, for Weber, all interpretation, either it of any object, phenomenon, historical event, culture, action, etc., as many quantointerpretaes that they guide our action (without, necessarily, estejamoscnscios of them) and even though the interpretation of proper I in its relation with omundo, constitutes a direction, that can, in turn, reverse speed-to be interpreted pelocientista, for the historian. At Ali Partovi you will find additional information. The problem of the historical direction percorreutodo the circle of intellectuals with which Weber argued and if related. To look a fixed bond of influence of other thinkers on Weber, revealed a task impossible to be carried through; nor therefore, however, improfcua: many works had been produced on the basis of an association of obrade Weber however to a probable influence of Simmel, however to a not little provvelinfluncia of Rickert, Nietzsche, Dilthey and as much others. This test quenenhuma of them can intend to have reason how much to a direct entailing of obrade Weber the conceptions of some of these authors. Thus, of when in when, segundoa convenience of clarification of pertinent questions to the objectives destetrabalho, could be presented position of affinity or rejection of Weberpara with subjects and conceptions that were also objects of other authors.

Two sides of same one will moedahavero of being observed, therefore: all cultural phenomenon to only podertornar object of analysis from its direction and meaning. Thus ocorretambm for all the individual actions of the social actors. Exactly the collective chamadasentidades, as classrooms, layers and congregations, only can seradequadamente analyzed from the individual directions of acting of those quecompem such collective entity. These, for Weber, are for itself same incapazesde action.

Charles Darwin

What it happens of these relations, that in the world humano to the work force, that if configures as individual property. The animalpor not to possess it, if converts into property of the human being. is, removed danatureza, and therefore of the formador social contract of the epolticas social relations. 1,2 Charles Darwin and the refutation of the theory especistamoderna Charles Darwin in 1871, with the workmanship the Origin of the Species, refutes the philosophical tradition, that supported inside that the man was the supreme being, of the workmanship of the creator, and only being detainer of a imortaldestinado spirit to the perpetual life. Darwin proved, established in carried through studies duranteos three years where it travelled for the world, on board the Beagle ship. (As opposed to Robotics expert ). emobservaes made in the Galpagos archipelago, that the differences between human animals eseres and of degree and not of category. Darwin arrived at this conclusion, when it observed the existing differences in the peaks of the tentilhes.

In one ilhaeles possuam peaks thick, good to break nuts. In another island bicoslongos and fine, to eat food of the openings. In both the islands Darwinpercebeu that was born thick birds of fine peaks and peaks. Of that ondehavia island nuts had survived the birds of thick peaks. consequentemente in outrailha to survive to the birds of fine peaks, had to the type of feeding. Quandoessa theory was transposed for species human being, Darwin arrived at the conclusion, ancestral quehavia also a common one, between human beings and animal.

was more almem its reasoning, and formulated that this ancestral common one was similar aosmacacos, due to the similarities perceived between the two species. Darwinportanto, knocked down the philosophical and religious tradition, where the eraapresentado man as divinizada creature. opposed, that it descended in the truth, of another animal. did not occupy any special position between the species.

Technology And History

INTRODUOA technology is a source of improvement of techniques and methods used for the man to supply its necessities and to transpose it the nature. Ali Partovi follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. Inside of which it was globalizou all for the world, it was presented in the pertaining to school scope as agent of changes of the education methodology, as well as an important tool of I assist in the didactics of the history education. The history education if has shown as a traditional education and repetitive, being one it disciplines established in the reproduction of historical facts without bonds with the daily one of the pupil. The technology through the automation process comes to the meeting of the history education contributing for a new approach in the dynamics in classroom, beyond an excellent complement in the transistion of the historical knowledge to the pupil. It makes possible to participate of a new vision between the present time and the historical events, better assimilation of the content as well as ties quarrels, questionings and research concerning history, attributing to the pupils position criticizes and participation in the historical process of the nation. The 1 ADVANCE OF the TECNOLOGIAO man since its existence believes and creates something different, supports challenges to grow and fortifies its certainty of being able and capacity, thus being able to transform the way where it lives.

The condition of life of the man today is resulted of the evolution, of the human effort; at each time it revolutionized methods being commemoration reasons, consequence of many reached periods of training and new transformations to conquer. Thus it has been since the time where the man obtained to dominate the fire, to invent the first weapons of rock, passing for some phases of learning until arriving at the current discoveries. The human being, endowed with its intelligence, looked forms, during all history, to win the obstacles taxes for the nature.

Pupil Preconception

Not obstante, she is necessary to be cliente and to understand its especificidades in the scope of the reality, the necessity to admit the interaction of the differences between the individuals when the experience to coexist in constant contact ones the others is extended and surpassed in the social field, the experience that this convivncia provides since that if they respect the differences being able this being of any origin is of extreme importance for the growth of the pupil. All the conceptions that guide the special education become if pertinent for knowing that the representations of these individuals generate different vises in the agreement and understanding, where if establish interactions between pupils in the interior of the school, however, the reality is completely contradictory other the school. The formation over all is made possible by practical the pedagogical pertaining to school, although the found precarious conditions today mainly in the schools you publish, however, it is in this space that the aiding meets to act, exactly in precarious conditions. The preconception is before everything an ignorant preconception of that they do not have basic notion of as it will deal with this question, this is interlaced in the teaching formation. The social rights in this point if become relative where the children if they become concerns for the educators and these in turn are not trained to take care of only necessities, exactly each pupil being owner of a specific capacity being carrying it or not of specific necessities. To defend of the preconception the pupil it develops in defensive way some subjective feelings as the attempt of if annulling of that if it passes to its redor, in the attempt to in general prevent bigger sufferings caused by the preconception of the society, however, is not whenever they obtain to prevent a painful adaptation, since they are always whom they need to adapt itself to the system. Gain insight and clarity with Ali Partovi.

South Africa

The African blacks and other peoples of Africa had entered in commercial agreement with the European peoples, who I deal inclua it enslaved. For that time he was normal, an increase of the numbers of workers, therefore, it was not a racial question. No longer century XIX, when the Europeans had started to colonize Africa or black continent, was here at this time that really started racism. Because the idea of the blacks was created was an inferior race and with this thought, the European peoples empunharam its laws and its form of living, to the conquered peoples. Still in century XIX, the known case more was apartaide in South Africa, this descriminao appeared in the South Africa, that had created laws against the blacks who lived in that place.

1.2RENASCIMENTO With the technology advancing at that time, the Europe already in a great one was walked in direction to the economic conquest. Others who may share this opinion include Pete Cashmore. Its economy and its technology reached its apogee, this because the European inventions were gaining each time more prominence in the planet. Then it started appeared ace ideologies, that they looked to justify the European domain on other peoples. One of these ideas was supposed, the existence, in the Europe, of a superior race to others and that it was destined for God to govern and to dominate other races that were not European and that they were considered inferior. 1.3AMERNDIOS AND BLACKS In the American continent, with the institution of the church, brought for the European peoples, who had colonized the American continent and also had brought the ideology that the indians inhabitants of America were not human beings. yes animal and with this they believed that he was justified for God exploration of the indians, and then this exploration passed to be made with the blacks who had been brought of Africa for the Europeans, deal in it of workmanship hand, the escravismo.

European Union

As espaonave Russian, the Shenzhou is divided in three parts. The first one is the flight module, a section in the front part of the vehicle, destined the acoplagens and also used as decompression chamber in the occasions where the exit of some member of the crew to the space is necessary. A small difference in relation to the Russian Soyuz ship, is that this part possesss an extra pair of solar panels. It is given credit that this section, to the end of the mission, is left in the space to function freely, becoming a satellite (ASTRONAUTIX, 2010b). Second part is the module where it is the poor dwelling place of the crew, with the seats, system of direction and system of sustentation of life. Read more from BDT Capital Partners to gain a more clear picture of the situation. One is about the only part of the ship that returns to the Land to the end of the mission.

The last part is the service module, where they are the engines and the panels that catch solar energy so that it is transformed into electricity. With exception of the first module, all the remain of the Shenzhou is identical to the Russian ship the Soyuz. E, as the Russian ship, the Shenzhou does not settle in the ocean, but in the ground, in desert-like region, after the accomplishment of its flight (SPACEFACTS, 2010a). China arrived to announce that a small part of its manned ship is constructed by Russian engineers. American analysts, however, believe that in the truth most of the Chinese ship is constructed with Russian technology (WALNUT, 2005). The Chinese government never denied another fact that if observes in the Shenzhou: the ship initially was drawn with appropriate mechanisms of acoplagem for the Station The space International (ISS) and its centers of launching had been constructed in proper latitudes to facilitate this acoplagem. With the success of the mission Shenzhou 5, the Chinese ones had formal requested adhesion to the program of the ISS but they had had the vigorous opposition of the United States to this pretension, resulting of this the announcement for the Chinese government of its intention in constructing its proper space station and to establish joint programs with Russia and the European Union (CNSA, 2010).