Archaeological studies have show widespread ad high level of culture foudry i the Middle Ages. I the vi – vii ceturies. there was a selectio of specialists, artisas, egaged i artistic cast of broze ad precious metals. Startig with the ix – X ceturies. applied moldig o the wax model. I xi.
appeared stoe molds. I additio to the productio of cast jewelry for the obility ad the middle class (jewelry idustry) casters satisfy umerous household eeds, especially durig the formatio of Kieva Rus. At this time, cast their hats, maces, crosses, icos, foldig, broze mirrors, chadeliers, bells, may of whom survived to the preset. Kiev for two ceturies was the art ceter from which all parts of the coutry diverged fiished products, ad the formatio of small idepedet pricipalities, ad the appearace i them their Craft took over the best techical achievemets, borrowed forms ad techiques of foudry busiess. /a>. I the xii cetury. appeared homemade foudry i Smolesk ad Novgorod pricipality. Masters-fouders were highly appreciated i state. Thus, accordig to the list of 'Russia Pravda', for the murder of craftsmaship – the caster a puishmet – charges i the treasury, twice the exactio for the murder of 'simple' ma.
Kiev stroger tha other cities suffered from Tatar ivasio, resultig i the trade routes passig through it, it was closed. Trade ad idustry bega to move ito the orther regio of aciet Russia. The greatest advatage of the prevailig situatio were able to extract the Tver, Moscow pricipality, ad especially the Great Novgorod. It is i these lads bega to flourish productio of artistic products. For example, i Novgorod i 1342, Bishop Basil, watig to decorate St. Sophia Cathedral, ivited from Moscow 'Wizard of goodess, the ame of Boris. " Whe Dmitry Doskoy ad his successor, Basil I i the curret situatio to the Russia foudry workers the task of masterig the art of makig gus. Their productio bega i Russia i 1393 I 1474, Iva iii gives a istructio to his Ambassador i Veice S. Tolbuzi ivited to Moscow to a experieced architect who would be well kow foudry. This precept S. Tolbuzi performed brilliatly, brigig with are i the same year master Aristotle Fioravati. I 1478 i Moscow Fioravati built a cao foudry, located i Chia-tow ad bore the ame "Cao hut '. Later, he built o the river ew plat, amed 'Cao yard'. I the xvii cetury. was built by aother state factory – 'Greade yard' (the plat was i Graaty street i Moscow).